Interesting facts about colors
More than 4000 years ago, the ancient Egyptians, who first thought of it, began to grow flowers Gardening and floriculture in the Middle Ages was an honor. People who showed disrespect for this work were severely punished: a flower garden or garden destroyer was chained to a shameful pillar, they could burn his toes or, like a thief, cut off his hand, and then forever be expelled from their native lands. Before the advent of modern material in life jackets, sunflower stalks were used. The ancient Arab legend of a bright yellow color. In 612, Mohammed began a war against the Israelis, at which time his wife Aishan left home. She met with a young man while her husband was not around. Mohammed was told about the betrayal of his wife, but he did not believe it. Then people advised to give her red roses, if they turn yellow – Aishan is unfaithful. Mohammed gave the wife roses, she was touched and, in order to keep the flowers fresh longer, put them down in the pond for the night. The roses turned yellow the next morning. Since then, a bright yellow color symbolizes infidelity. According to an ancient legend, cloves first sprouted on Calvary, in a place where the tears of the Mother of God fell when she looked at the cross suffering of her Son. Arabidopsis is the first plant to bloom and give seeds in space in the absence of gravity. The life cycle of this plant is only 40 days. A copy of Arabidopsis was grown in 1982 aboard the Russian space station Salyut-7 Dahlias – a sign of respect and friendship. They are named after the Russian navigator George, who presented the king with an unknown flower. Forget-me-not grows almost everywhere and everywhere it has the same name: in English forget-me-not, in German – Vergimeinnicht, in French – ne-m’oubliez-pas. Forget-me-not grew, watered with tears of the blue-eyed Egle, who was separated from her fiancé, shepherdess Lycas. The scientific name for forget-me-nots is “myozotis”, i.e. mouse ear. Saffron is the pollen of a species of crocus. To get 1 kg of spices, you need to process 200,000 flowers. In Germany, near the Hildesheim Cathedral grows the most venerable rose bush. His age has exceeded 1000 years. During this time, the bush is almost equal in height to the cathedral itself. Rose oil (mostly synthetic) is part of 46% of men’s and 98% of women’s perfumes. However, of all the diversity in perfumery, only two types of roses are used – damask and centifolia. Prince Charles is paid one daffodil a year for renting land on his island of Sicily! The Amazonian giant water lily is the largest aquatic plant. Its leaves reach 2 m, they are able to support a child. Strong ribs under the leaves help them stay afloat. Rose is the national flower of the USA, England and Iran. Tulip is a symbol of love, life and immortality. It has been known about the flower since the time of Confucius. There was a time when there were no tulips in Holland. They were brought there from Turkey in the 16th century. In those days, tulips cost fabulous money; they were valued higher than many metals and precious stones. One tulip bulb cost more than two thousand dollars! Tulip is one of the fastest growing plant species. During the day, it can grow by an average of 2 cm. The longest roots are found in wild ficus from South Africa. They reached 120 m. Karl Linney took advantage of the ability to “orient in time” for flowers, creating the world’s first floral clock in Uppsala in Sweden in 1720. The dial of the unusual watch consisted of several sectors, in each of which flowers of a certain kind grew. With the help of such a clock, it was possible to determine the time quite accurately (with a difference of half an hour). But the watch worked only in sunny weather – on cloudy days, flower crowns sometimes do not open at all. Chrysanthemum is depicted on the arms of Japan and flags. The Japanese also dedicated a national festival to this flower (September 9th). The largest orchid in the world can reach 20 m in length. Poppy is a symbol of fertility. Dedicated to the god of sleep. Morpheus, on reading, euthanizes people by touching them with a poppy flower. Poppy – a flower of dreams. The ancient Greeks considered violet an indispensable attribute of the holidays, as well as the decoration of their own homes and statues of the gods. The Gauls revered the flower as a symbol of innocence, modesty and virginity and sprinkled it on the bed of the bride and groom. The French competed in Toulouse poetry tournaments, where one of the highest awards was golden violet. Peony owes its name to the legendary doctor Peon, who healed gods and people from wounds received in battles. In China, a flower is considered a national; magical properties are attributed to it. It is believed that evil spirits can not stand even the image of a peony. Apples, cherries, peaches, apricots belong to the Rosaceae family. Karl Linney’s attempts to describe the family of orchids, which was huge, prompted Charles Darwin to think of universal evolution. The smallest flowering plant in the world is the floating duckweed of Wolffia arrhiza. The size of its leaves is only 0.5-1.2 mm. In France in the XIII century, ladies wore wreaths of roses, which were called “cappella”, and their creators called “cappella”.